Cert. No. CPO-438001
How much water is in my swimming pool?To figure the total amount of water in your pool, take your pool's length, width and average depth as well its shape. To determine average depth, take depth of shallow end added to depth of deep end, then divide by two to get average depth (i.e.; 3ft (shallow end) + 8 ft (deep end) = 11. Divided by 2 = 5.5 avg. depth)
What is balanced swimming pool or spa water?A balanced swimming pool is when the sanitizer, pH, total alkalinity and calcium hardness are all within acceptable ranges. The two most important things to remember about the health of your pool are that it must be sanitized and it must be balanced. The most popular way to sanitize your pool is with chlorine. On the other hand, many spa owners sanitize their spas with bromine. Keeping your pool balanced, which means keeping the five basic pool water components (pH, total alkalinity, calcium hardness, total dissolved solids and stabilizer) within their proper ranges, helps your sanitizer work more effectively and protects your pool's finish and equipment.
The recommended ranges for balanced water:Chlorine: 1.0 to 3.0 ppm
Total Alkalinity: Total alkalinity refers to how much alkaline is in the water. However, you must look at Total Alkalinity as it relates to pH, as the two go hand in hand. High alkaline water leads to low pH. Low alkaline water leads to low pH. For now, just remember that most swimming pools should have an alkalinity reading of around 100 ppm.pH: Keeping your pH level within its proper range is not only important for swimmer comfort, it's also important for keeping your equipment and pool finish in good condition. pH refers to the acidity or baseness of your pool water. All you need to remember is that a proper pH level is around 7.4 to 7.6 on a pH test kit's numeric scale. 0 to 7 reflects a low or acidic pH, 8 to 14 means the pool has a high pH level. Low pH readings mean your chlorine will dissipate quickly. High pH levels make chlorine inactive — and that means you're using more chlorine than you really need and algae may still form.
Calcium Hardness: Anyone who has ever washed their hair in hard water knows that hard water doesn't do much for getting up a good lather. But in your pool, just the right amount of calcium is essential. Too little and your plaster can erode. Too much and your water could become cloudy, scale and stains could form. 200 to 400 ppm is the general range for calcium hardness, while 300 ppm is ideal for the average pool.Stabilizer: Stabilizer is to chlorine like your home's insulation is to keeping in hot or cold air — it helps retain your chlorine longer just as insulation helps retain heat or air conditioning. Stabilizer is even added to some chlorine compounds to protect them from the effects of sunlight. When your stabilizer level is low, you'll use a lot more chlorine. When it's too high, you may need to dilute your pool water to bring it back into the 40 to 70 ppm ideal range.
What is the proper way to handle swimming pool chemicals?Failure to properly handle and use chemicals can result in serious personal injury or death.
READ AND FOLLOW ALL LABEL DIRECTIONS. Call your local pool professional if you have any questions about any of your chemicals.Do not mix ANY pool chemicals together. Doing so can be dangerous resulting in fire or serious injury.
When diluting or mixing chemicals with water, ALWAYS ADD THE CHEMICAL TO A LARGE BUCKET OF WATER. NEVER ADD WATER TO THE CHEMICAL.Be careful when opening a chemical bucket. Be sure you are outside or in a well-ventilated area.
Store all chemicals in a cool dry place, out of the reach of children. Secure all lids tightly.
Why is my pool water cloudy?Cloudy water is usually due to not having enough sanitizer, poor filtration or other contaminants brought in by swimmers. Things to look for:
How do I vacuum my pool?In order to vacuum your pool, you will need:
If you have more than one skimmer, you may want to block the flow into the skimmer not being used to vacuum by using a properly sized plug in the skimmer hole. This way you will get the best suction for vacuuming. If you have too much suction (the vac head is sticking to the pool surface), either open your main drain a little or remove the plug from the other skimmer.
My pump is not working. What's up?Is the motor running? If not, check the circuit breaker to see if it kicked off. If the breaker is fine and the pump is still not coming on, check to see if there is power to the motor. (You may need to contact a pool care professional.)
The motor is running, but no water is moving in the pump basket.
Help! My heater is not working!Check to ensure that the gas valve is open and the heater is on. Your filter could be dirty which reduces flow to the heater; backwash or clean the filter to see if that helps. Next, clean debris from your skimmer baskets and pump basket. If you have a time clock, check to be sure it is set to allow enough time for the heater to work.
If these suggestions don't work, you will need to contact a pool professional.